Saturday, 4 February 2017
Seroprevalence of bovine herpesvirus-1 antibodies in bovines in five districts of Uttarakhand
Research (Published online: 04-02-2017)
1. Seroprevalence of bovine herpesvirus-1 antibodies in bovines in five districts of Uttarakhand - Vipul Thakur, Mahesh Kumar, and R. L. Rathish
Veterinary World, 10(2): 140-143
Aim: This study was conducted to know the status of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) antibodies in the bovines of the selected area of Uttarakhand.
Materials and Methods: A total of 489 serum samples, 392 of cattle and 97 of buffaloes were randomly collected from the unvaccinated bovine population of five districts viz., Dehradun, Haridwar, Nainital, Pithoragarh, and Udham Singh Nagar and were tested by avidin biotin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for BHV-1 antibodies.
Results: The overall prevalence was observed to be 29.03%. At district level, the highest prevalence was recorded in Pithoragarh district (40.00%) while it was lowest in district Udham Singh Nagar (16.00%). The prevalence of BHV-1 antibodies was found to be higher in unorganized dairy units (31.02%) compared to organized farms (26.51%) in Uttarakhand. Buffaloes were found to have greater prevalence (38.14%) than cattle (26.78%) while on sex-wise basis; it was found that more females (30.08%) were harboring antibodies to the virus than males (16.21%).
Conclusion: The study revealed that the population in the area under study has been exposed to BHV-1 and hence prevention and control strategies must be implemented.
Keywords: avidin biotin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, bovine herpesvirus-1, seroprevalence.